The time is approaching when the old-style driver's licenses cease to be valid.

Passions have long abated over the impending exchange of "rights." Resented, reaching right up to the Supreme Court, the motorists realized that an unpleasant procedure was inevitable and … calmed down. At first, poor organization of the business contributed to the weak “exchange” activity. Those who wished to exchange certificates had to suffer in endless lines and spend more than one hundred rubles for the happiness of possessing the coveted plastic “card”.

Someone, putting off a heroic campaign in the traffic police, secretly counted on what would cost. The exchange will be postponed, extended or canceled altogether. We tried not to think about what awaits, if not to change the old “rights”, how real and great the consequences are.

Meanwhile, the law is not just strict - it is just cruel to those who dare to drive behind the wheel in the new year with old-style certificates that will be considered invalid. Such drivers fall under Article 119 of the Code of Administrative Offenses "Driving vehicles by persons without the right to drive …". This is a fine of three to five minimum wages. Plus, the most annoying thing is passing the exams to get new “rights”.

The leadership of the Russian traffic police assures that they will not apply a “terrible” article to violators, they will be punished much more leniently, according to article 114 (“Driving vehicles without documents, entails a warning or a fine of 0.2 to 0.5 Wage ”). Old identities will be withdrawn in order to force them to receive (without reexamination) new ones. It would not seem scary. But the “initiatives” of local road inspectors are quite possible! If it is possible to punish more severely, then there is surely someone who is too “principled” to take advantage of this and not let the “malicious violators” come down …

What is happening now in MREO, at the exchange points of "rights"? Will everyone who needs to get a new driver’s license? This is told by our correspondents and a responsible employee of the State Traffic Safety Inspectorate of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation.


Drivers of the Rostov Region began to be called to “exchange points” from January this year in television, radio and newspaper appeals.

When we got to MREO - we saw a line of 50 people for about one hour. They say there are more. In January, the most law-abiding part of drivers came here - pensioners. They occupied the line from five in the morning. Then came up to 750 people a day! The excitement was asleep by April, and now the traffic police is preparing to accept the second wave of motorists. Interestingly, some retirees do not intend to drive behind. But they still prefer to keep the “rights” of the new sample.

During the design of forms, the authenticity of documents is checked. It’s hard to say what kind of force pushes the holders of false identities right into the arms of law enforcement agencies. Over eight months, 65 fakes were discovered and 15 criminal cases initiated!

From January to August, the regional traffic police replaced the new 140 thousand driver's licenses. It remains - a little more than 40 thousand.


The largest number of complaints related to the exchange was in the Novosibirsk, Rostov and Lipetsk regions, in the Krasnodar Territory, the Republic of Karelia, Moscow and St. Petersburg.


The epic for replacing a driver’s license is coming to an end. However, the legislatively approved campaign did not always and everywhere always go smoothly (see ZR, 1999, No. 9). If we divide its participants into two camps - officials and drivers, then those responsible for the delay in the process can be found there and there.

On some summer days, in order to hand over documents, it was necessary to spend almost a whole working day, and even half a day to get them. And this despite the fact that the process of receiving "papers" was simplified as much as possible - the townspeople served only one point on the highway of the Revolution.

Pensioners survived a lot of unrest. The regional press published statements by the former head of the traffic police A. Mashnin, who promised pensioners not to punish after December 31 for using old-style certificates in the city and Leningrad region. In a word, by his will, he allowed not to change the “rights” to this group of drivers. Today it turns out that this statement has no legal force. And everyone will have to change identities anyway.

At the same time, many claims can be presented to drivers. Despite the fact that the lines have “resolved” over time, not everyone is in a hurry to change “rights”: “They will extend it anyway!”, “Once!”, “And who needs it!” - these are the motives. Some people refer to the queues at the exchange, although he himself was not there.

It is almost impossible to get information by a special traffic police phone - what is needed for exchanging “rights”, working hours, and so on: “busy”.

Oddly enough, in the fall the flow of people wishing to exchange certificates decreased. It was not possible to find out in the city traffic police how many drivers had not yet exchanged “rights”: they referred to the lack of data. Nevertheless, it can be assumed that many deferring substitutions “on the last day” are waiting for hot days in lines.


In MREO UGIBDD Central Administrative District of Moscow - an idyll. And the people are few and the atmosphere is calm. But this fact is more worrying than happy: so far very few residents of the region have exchanged “rights”. By the way, in other districts 250-300 people come to change their IDs every day, and this, they say, is not yet a stir.

Of the 13 million replaceable driver's licenses by September, only five and a half million had been exchanged. At the current pace, it will take another year! And in Bashkiria, Tataria, Amur, Kursk, Penza and Nizhny Novgorod regions - more than two years! In the Moscow region a little more than half was exchanged, and in the capital - a third.

A number of regions sought to cash in, inflating the cost of “rights”. The most distinguished were St. Petersburg - 600 rubles, the Leningrad Region - 400, the Republic of Sakha-Yakutia - 347, the Stavropol Territory - 280, the Kursk Region - 266. This is for the plastic “card”. Cheap “crusts” cost from 50 to 140 rubles.

(according to the State Traffic Safety Inspectorate of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation)


Vladivostok - without exaggeration - "the city on wheels." Every sixth resident is the owner of a driver’s license. And most of them are prudent people. As reported by and. about. the head of the city MREO traffic police Vladimir Kushnar, more than 105 thousand motorists in Vladivostok can already boast of new certificates, and 97 thousand preferred expensive plastic ones. According to the most conservative estimates, about 30 thousand drivers postponed activities, as usual, in the last days. It is they who now every day from 5 a.m. storm the building of the MREO. The personnel of the inspectors switched over to a six-day working week, and the working day itself was extended from 8.00 to 19.00. In addition, four exchange points were organized around the city. Every day, from 150 to 200 people receive new driver’s licenses in the city. In parallel with the issuance of new documents, a lot of drivers deprived of "rights", wanted persons, and several malicious alimony were identified.


Commentary by Yuri SHAKIROV, Head of the Department of Licensing, Permission and Examination Activities, State Traffic Safety Inspectorate of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation

The deadline for the exchange of driver's licenses (January 1, 2000) is determined by Government Decision No. 831 of July 8, 1997. Consequently, only a new decree of the Government can change its requirements. As far as I know, there are no such projects, so everyone should clearly understand the situation.

The replacement of "rights" was announced two years ago! There have been many articles and media appearances on this subject. Moreover, the Supreme Court twice sat, confirming the validity of the decision of the Government. Consequently, the result of the exchange of certificates by the beginning of this fall can be called depressing. Whose fault? I do not presume to state unequivocally - drivers or traffic police. Many postpone the replacement of "rights" on the last day, and in vain. In summer and autumn, when we, as they say, deployed all capacities (in addition to 1300 “regular” exchange points, over 200 additional and more than 500 mobile exchanges were organized throughout the country), most of the points were only half loaded!

In fairness, I must say that in a number of regions the leaders of the traffic police did not really organize the work. Some “fell ill” with the practice of affirmations. A driver comes, and they say to him: wait, we will check you, send requests to the place of issue of the certificate. “Distinguished” Moscow, Stavropol and Leningrad region. Back in the spring, we banned sending requests within the same region: on our territory, such matters need to be resolved quickly and without paperwork. But … some bosses continue to write letters to the neighboring streets!