It is in this paragraph of your article that contains the answer to the question, or at least the right direction of thought on the way to solving the transport problem of Moscow. Indeed, at the time of mass building up with 5-story houses now in the “middle” part of the city (the Novye Cheryomushki, Zyuzino, and Perovo districts), nobody even thought about regulating traffic flows in such quantities as now. . The tasks were different, and the country was completely different. However, in this building, today perceived exclusively as chaotic, there is quite adequate logic. It ceased to be obvious when industrial complexes, various research institutes and factories, to which this development belonged, ceased to exist as centers of business activity, and the former employees of these institutions were compelled to find another place to work. And as a rule, this place of work was found in the center of the capital, within the garden ring.
A separate topic is the "sleeping" areas ("Chertanovo", "Yasenevo", "Zhulebino") originally designed in such a way that sleep is the only worthy occupation for the residents of these areas. Needless to say, every morning they fill with themselves subway cars, minibuses and all the radial roads leading to the business center of the city. The satellite towns of the capital also turned into thousands of “sleeping cities” with underdeveloped infrastructure and a complete lack of business activity.
Summarizing the above, I will note the main point of the problem.
The reason for the current transport situation is a sharp and diametrically opposite in comparison with the 70s change in the course of development of the economy, business and city infrastructure, as a result.
Today's Moscow is a large business center, concluded mainly within the garden ring (it can be considered up to the Third Transport Ring, with a gradual decrease in business activity). It focuses the main number of jobs, respectively, and the maximum daily population. In addition, the most fashionable shops, restaurants, casinos and other centers for attracting people are located in the city center.
New districts of the city (the outskirts bordering the Moscow Ring Road) are gradually acquiring their own centers of trade and entertainment as well as business centers, but they are not able to compete with the main business centers for business activity at the moment, which means that 90% of the daily migration participants the city center, creating traffic jams and multi-kilometer traffic jams during rush hours.
In my opinion, an attempt to solve the transport problem of the city in isolation from all other problems of the development of the metropolis is a lack of ideality. Jams and traffic jams are just a consequence of the difficult path of the city’s development, changes in its status and rhythm of life. Most likely, hundreds of kilometers of new roads, interchanges, entry restrictions, and jumps in fuel prices will not radically change the situation. With a developing credit system, almost every working person is able to buy a personal car and join the stream of pushing and buzzing cars, trying to break out of the overloaded center into their native “Novo-Kosino” after working days, so that tomorrow they can repeat this way again in the reverse order.
Public transport (ground) also becomes irrelevant, because asphalt is the same for everyone. The metro is overloaded and also needs to be modernized, water transport is not developed in principle, although it could become a significant help during the navigation period. However, getting to the place of work is not the whole problem, because you need to park somewhere. Modern business centers are equipped with underground parking, but not in such quantities that each manager can put his car there and calmly climb to his workplace. Yes, this is impossible. So a row of cars drags along the boulevard ring, circling cars parked in the right lane, which now and then leave or park, further slowing down the process of movement.
Thus, while there will be a business center in Moscow and a sleeping outskirts with the inevitable pendulum migration of the working population, the transport problem will not be solved. And it’s not the lighthouses, and not the rudeness, not the low quality of driver training, not the strange logic of interchanges and signs, but the fact that we are all trying to climb to the top of the pyramid and are surprised that for some reason it is crowded with us.