SWORD ORALU - COMRADE
“Swing swords for yelling!” - sounds, of course, life-affirming. Well, how will some adversary appear tomorrow? Will we forge back? We may not have time, and it’s unprofitable. I wish I could come up with such a tool so that I waved to them, waved, and then fastened my shafts - and, well, plow-harrow.
The tale, of course, is a lie and a hint in it - the same technique, but in different versions it can solve problems both military and economic. The benefits of this are mutual: the "citizen" gets reliable, powerful transport that can solve extremely complex problems in the terrain, at temperatures from -50 to + 50 ° C, while the military department is able to reduce the cost of vehicles manufactured in large series. It is also important that there is no need for special training for drivers, and repair is also simplified - in which case, spare parts can be found in any fleet. It was this dual-use automotive technology that was dedicated this year to the demonstration at the training ground of the 21st Research Institute of the Ministry of Defense in Bronnitsy near Moscow, and not only in the parking lot, but also in action.
The ball was ruled by four-wheel drive all-terrain vehicles. The products of the Ulyanovsk Automobile Plant are well known to readers. We only note a novelty - UAZ on huge Trekol pneumatic pneumatics. The Gorky Automobile Plant showed a replacement for the outdated gasoline GAZ-66 - the diesel GAZ-3308 Sadko with a carrying capacity of 2.3 tons, the family of multi-purpose floating “watermen” GAZ-3937 with an incredible ground clearance of 475 mm, and the exotic Sevar- similar to Unimog 3901 "with four steered wheels. AMO “ZIL” introduced a two-axis ZIL-4327 with a lifting capacity of 2.5 tons and a three-axis four-ton ZIL-4334, designed to replace ZIL-131.
In the heavy truck class, competition has intensified - the KrAZs and MAZs currently in service are now foreign cars and, by and large, need to be replaced. The point here is not kvass patriotism, but simple logic - the combat efficiency of the army, if possible, should not depend on imports, even from neighboring countries. Yes, and money and jobs will remain at home. As for the "opportunities", the domestic factories demonstrated them very convincingly. KamAZ drove out a whole herd of Mustangs with a carrying capacity of 4-10 tons. The Ural Plant has an even wider gamut: a biaxial Ural-43206 for 6 tons and a long-wheelbase Ural-4320-0311-30 for 10 tons of cargo; four-axle cargo "Ural-5323" for 12 tons and a truck tractor "Ural-5423" for a road train with a gross weight of 39 tons.
New models were shown in the class of heavy tractors and special wheeled chassis (SKS).
The four-axle truck tractor KZKT-7428 for working with semitrailers with a loading capacity of 45–75 tons or trailers up to 200 tons (for example, towing aircraft) was demonstrated by the Kurgan Wheel Tractor Plant (now Rusich OJSC). Another enterprise, the Bryansk Automobile Plant, introduced the BAZ-6402 three-axle truck tractor. There are also developed SKS with a wheel formula of 10x8 and 12x12. The Minsk Wheel Tractor Plant, which remains the leader in the heavyweight class, brought the four-axle chassis MZKT-7930, intended to replace the MAZ-543.
There is no doubt that the technique named here can find application in civilian life. Where? And where there are no roads - at geologists, oil industry workers, gas workers. We’ve got better off-road support than Europe’s motorways. And builders with installers sometimes need to transport something very heavy: either a turbine or a reactor - here a powerful tractor will do.
Another approach to the dual-use problem was illustrated by BPM-97 - an armored border vehicle developed jointly by KamAZ and MSTU. Bauman. The experience of local military conflicts has revealed an empty niche between the armored personnel carrier and the UAZ. This "workhorse of war" may be indispensable in the zone of military operations and border conflicts, to accompany convoys, to ensure the actions of maneuver groups and peacekeeping forces. Its main advantage is the maximum use of KAMAZ units and assemblies, which ensures low cost (just about twice as much as KamAZ-4350) and a high resource (270 thousand km). Various equipment weighing up to 2 tons can be placed in the armored hull, and a heavy machine gun, rapid-firing gun or anti-aircraft complex can be placed in the turret.
In general, as you can see, with a reasonable approach, you can have a completely organic combination of "civilian and military purposes" and even complement each other: put the handles on the one hand - you get a plow, attach a machine gun on the other - that's the ax.
BPM-97: crew - 3 people .; landing - 9 people; wheel formula - 4x4; combat weight - 10.5 tons; towed trailer weight - 5 tons; engine power - 220 l. with.; maximum speed - 90 km / h; power reserve - 1100 km; ground clearance - 365 mm; depth of overcome water barrier - 175 cm.
The family of multi-purpose "mustangs" of off-road production of KamAZ production is widely unified by the main components and assemblies.
KamAZ-4350: wheel formula - 4x4; curb weight - 7.9 tons; carrying capacity - 4 t; towed trailer weight - 5 tons; engine power - 240 l. with.; maximum speed - 100 km / h; power reserve - 1000 km.
KamAZ-5350: wheel formula - 6x6; curb weight - 9.2 tons; carrying capacity - 6 t; towed trailer weight - 6 tons; engine power - 260 l. with.; maximum speed - 100 km / h; power reserve - 1000 km.
KamAZ-6350: wheel formula - 8x8; curb weight - 11.9 t; carrying capacity - 10 t; towed trailer weight - 12 tons; engine power - 360 l. with.; maximum speed - 95 km / h; power reserve - 1000 km.