Winter chores


Colds create a lot of problems for motorists, of which for northerners, perhaps, the main thing is to start the engine.

What can be done to facilitate it?

Ural Ilyasov

Six years after obtaining the "rights" had to deal with three different machines. And he went every day all year, regardless of the weather.

Winters in Ufa are cold, the temperature drops below -30 ° C, and since I don’t have a garage, the problem of starting the engine in the morning did not let me sleep all the first winter of my car biography. Several times, "planting" the battery with unsuccessful attempts to revive the car, I began to think about how to make my life easier and not depend on the vagaries of the weather.

For starters, I followed the advice of more experienced comrades. A half-liter thermos with hot water, which I watered the intake manifold, helped to get the Oka well. This operation was facilitated by a special funnel with a rubber tube attached to the motor. And it should be noted that this technique quite effectively woke up the engine after spending the night in a 25-degree frost. But over time, this procedure began to bother, and the risk of breaking a precious vessel was quite large.

Therefore, for “Samara” I decided to use starter liquids in aerosol packaging, the so-called Starting fluid, but in a special way. The fact is that before I tried these tools (certainly helping to start the engine), but noted the inconvenience of use and their large inefficient consumption. Indeed, in order for the rapidly evaporating liquid to get into the carburetor, you need to manage by removing the cover of the air filter housing, inject an aerosol, then quickly (until gas has evaporated!) Close the filter cover and jump behind the wheel. And yet, during this time, most of the product is dispersed in the atmosphere, and the rest is not enough to start. It is impossible to inject aerosol through the air intake: it is blocked by a temperature regulator.

And then the thought came to attach a nozzle from a thin tube to the can valve to inject aerosol through two openings with a diameter of about 5 mm through the air filter cover. To do this, I took a larger sprayer from the deodorant (with the same seat as the start-up cylinder), drilled an outlet and put an empty washed rod from the ballpoint pen on “Moment” glue (Fig. 1). The result exceeded expectations. In the parking lot, it was not necessary to remove and unscrew. Two or three "zilch" - and the engine began to work the first time in a 20-degree frost.

Inspired by success, I thought: is it possible to inject the product inside the carburetor. And then I remembered that it provided a starting gap, within which the air damper was opened during the first outbreaks in the engine cylinders. It remains only to drill a hole in the cover of the air filter housing just opposite the start gap.

When the “suction” button is extended, the air damper closes, as it should be. And if you insert the atomizer tube into the prepared hole, then it will slightly open the air damper by just 3 mm, which are set for the DAAZ-21083 carburetor. It remains to inject the agent into the carburetor and remove the cylinder. Under the action of the spring, the air damper closes and the entire mixture remains inside the carburetor (Fig. 2). After that, the start-up depends only on the battery: he has enough strength to crank the crankshaft and give a flash for at least one candle - the job is done.

I closed the new hole in the air filter cover with a bolt with a large head (to conveniently unscrew and twist by hand), sealing it with a soft rubber gasket.

As shown by two years of experience, with a 30-degree frost, the engine starts up necessarily and one cylinder is enough for the whole winter. Even if you make two “zilchas” during severe frosts: one into the carburetor, the other into the air filter housing. However, it is impossible to leave the cylinder in the car - in the cold, the composition from the gaseous state goes into liquid and is poorly sprayed. It is better to take the product home, and carry along the street, hiding it under clothes.