Anonim

CLUB OF CAR FANS

Test repair

NINE ROUNDS IN BOXES

Which domestic car is easier to maintain? Time will tell…

Sergey KANUNNIKOV, Maxim SACHKOV, Anton CHUIKIN

One Saturday morning, four met in the second level of a multi-story warm garage. While they greet each other, unlock the boxes, masterfully go around their cars, let me introduce you to them. The novice lawyer is the owner of the Six. The commander of the airship in his spare time pilots the Svyatogor, of course, with the engine of the aviation industry enterprise - UZAM-3317. The system engineer bought an advanced (in electronics) injection “ten” - model 21102. Finally, the police captain, the head of the “slaughter” department, grew up with his father's “Volga” (“twenty-first”) to his own GAZ 3110 (with an injection engine ZMZ- 406).

What brought together so different people who own such dissimilar cars? The usual Saturday cares, whose name is Maintenance. The cars of our heroes are the same age and mileage, on speedometers - about 60 thousand kilometers. After chatting for a couple of minutes in the corridor, the “weekend fitter” argued: who would be the quickest to complete the task (the work was all the same) and the first to set the table for friends - regarding the successful completion of the maintenance and the approaching February 23rd. Everyone went to the pits … Start!

Round one: changing the engine oil. The pilot is already turning the drain plug, bending over the Ufa motor of his Svyatogor. Three of his rivals are forced to lie down under the cars … however, the owner of the "ten", even though the engineer, also decided to try to overcome the cork from above. With some great difficulty he succeeds, and a tight stream of oil hits … into the aerodynamic shield under the engine. The owner of the Volga is tormented more than others: you can only dismantle the filter on the 406th motor from below.

While the last drops of “mining” fall into cans and basins, let us turn our eyes to our four: the pilot managed to carry out the operation most accurately, the policeman got the most out of work, the “ten” dirtied the floor. Nevertheless, no one was left behind: motorists pour fresh oil almost simultaneously, and we note the result of the first half hour: a draw (see the progress of the participants on the chart).

Round two: replacing air and fuel filters. The first one was dealt with synchronously. The owners of the carburetor machines quickly dealt with the second one: it’s all business, loosen and tighten the two clamps on the fuel line. Their rivals needed to release pressure in the fuel line, and even tinker with fastening the filter housings to the bodies. The engineer had to use the jack, dive under the belly of his “dozen” (the filter is located near the tank) and get into the fight with the “soured” nuts of the fuel line with keys in his hands.

Third round: replacing candles. The detective lost the precious minutes won by the owner of "one hundred and second": wielding a long key in deep wells, lying on his wing with his stomach, is not very convenient. On both VAZs, a candle operation does not cause trouble. The pilot of the Svyatogor was slightly behind the fans of the VAZ cars: in the UZAMs the candles were hiding in the recesses.

Fourth round: valve adjustment, associated timing drive maintenance, and ignition revision at the same time. The longest operation for everyone … except for the owner of the Volga, whose engine regulates itself. The captain’s boxing is a celebration, and the trinity is sticking a sweat on his face.

At the first stage - adjusting the camshaft drive - the one that fell into the "top ten" is a little behind: it is delayed by the cleverly attached plastic cover of the toothed belt, and pull it longer than the chain. The advantage of rivals quickly melts when dismantling the valve cover screwed on the "Lada" and "Svyatogor" with eight and seven nuts, on the "top ten" - only two. The pilot copes with the valves the fastest - at the opened UZAM the mechanism is in full view, you do not need to count the teeth on the gear, just adjust the camshaft cam and adjust it to health. A quarter of an hour behind the lawyer, who worked "blindly"; almost the same amount of time this procedure takes an electronics fan. But it is not necessary to regulate the ignition and you can join the hereditary “Volgar”.

At Svyatogor, a distributor delivered problems - the margin of time earned on valves is reduced. At the service station, in order to gain access to the contacts of the breaker, they prefer to remove the front lining, but our pilot managed to get to them from under the hood. Nevertheless, the owner of the "Lada" cope with this work faster. Dinner!

Fifth round: work from the bottom. Feeling sulky, the rivals remove the front wheels … We have to change the brake pads, check at the same time the hinges and suspension arms (haha, now someone will do the extrusion), tighten the wheel bearings on the rear-wheel drive cars.

The happy owners of VAZ 2110 2 and Svyatora were the first to get even with the pads. The slight lag of the Volga can be explained by the “extra” fifth wheel bolt. But the comrade with the "Shah" something is delayed. Well, yes, it was not possible to knock out the fingers of the pads the first time …

Having pulled and shook the levers, stabilizers, traction and making sure that there are no criminal backlashes yet and with the suspension bulkhead you can wait until the summer, three rivals move to another wheel. And the captain is armed with a syringe and lies under the car.

Having finished with the suspension diagnostics, the aircraft commander and the chief of computers are ready for the next stage of the competition, and the representatives of law and law enforcement bodies only proceed to the final operation of the fifth round - adjusting the bearings of the front hubs. Having installed new nuts, they achieve easy rotation of the wheels - and spend 20 minutes more than their comrades. Due to extrusion, the general gap between the Volga and the rest is somewhat narrowing.

The sixth round, in fact, is part of the fifth, but due to the existing features of the machines, we will consider the upcoming work separately. So, wielding a mount, all four rivals found a noticeable backlash in the right steering tip.

Sighing heavily, the owner of the Six unscrewed and unscrewed the nut. He squeezed the traction with a tire mount (nature didn’t deprive him of strong points), struck a few hard blows with a hammer (the recipe “At the wheel”!) And the traction was released. Turning the tip out of the adjusting clutch, the attendant of Themis counted the number of revolutions so as not to violate the toe angle too much and delay the visit to the service.

The operations are very similar to the “one hundred and second”, and the electronics engineer spent about the same amount of time.

The pilot, who did not trust the market spare parts too much, decided not to change, but to sort out the tip - this is possible at Svyatore. The pilot did not save time, but gained confidence in the quality of assembly and lubrication of the hinge …

The design of the Volga allowed the future major to postpone the repair. He took out the cotter pin from below, armed himself with a powerful screwdriver and tightened the threaded plug, choosing a play. Of course, such an operation is a temporary measure, but right now the steering trapezoid can not be sorted out.

Seventh round: steering gear adjustment. 20 minutes - and the lawyer shakes the wheel for the last time, crossing the finish line. And what about the owners of front-wheel drive cars? They, relying on the reliability and stability of the rack and pinion mechanisms, completely neglected this operation, especially since the VAZ, for example, does not recommend performing it independently. It seems to not knock - and okay. The head of the “slaughter” department chose the backlash in the “worm” of his “Volga” for the longest time - access to the mechanism was painfully inconvenient. Either from under the wing reach for him, or from above …

Eighth round: adjusting the parking brake. Feeling the end of the working day is near, the participants of the competition quickly turn the handles of the jacks and dive under the cars. The owners of VAZs are cheating: they hang out only one wheel to catch the moment of the end of adjustment, when the pads almost touch the drum. Having successfully dealt with the “acidified” thread (the penetrating liquid and two “13” keys do wonders), the lawyer achieves reliable braking with the three clicks of the lever. Engineer got a long head - experience, son of difficult mistakes! - and easily got to an uncomfortable locknut. And yet, because of the tightness, he has to use the key longer. At the same time, the cunning pilot of Svyatogor is completing his work. He neglected the factory instructions and, following the example of many owners of Muscovites, he regulated only the wheel mechanisms without touching the cable itself. That is, he removed the plug from the brake shield, screwed the gear nut with a screwdriver until the wheel began to brake, slightly loosened … and repeated the operations on the other wheel. Almost always this is enough for the handbrake to hold perfectly.

The backlog of the old "Volga" is more noticeable. The captain had to make pads with eccentrics (a common thing for such a run), and then adjust the length of the parking brake rod.

Ninth round: headlight adjustment. Participants alternately go to the wall painted with lines. The lawyer has a hard time - he needs to twist two pretty rusted screws on four headlights! The rest have no problems: turn two plastic lambs from the inside of each headlight, and that’s it.

The finish! To determine the owner of the intended feast, look at the schedule. He was the freed engineer before everyone else - it is he who sets the table on the hood "one hundred and second." As soon as he managed to lay a newspaper, a pilot, taking an honorable second place, lands in his boxing. About half an hour later, as if on call, the brave captain arrives. And only after 40 minutes, a pretty hungry lawyer at full steam flies up to a noisy (already!) Box. The participants celebrate the completion of the repair, and we comment on the results.

Between the leader and the outsider - an hour and a quarter. A good illustration of the level of construction of the "time of Ochakov" and relatively modern. The second and third places are shared by Moskvich, the recent “maintainability champion”, and Volga, demonstrating the unity and struggle of opposites: a mossy chassis and a new engine.

If you want to choose a "machine for the lazy", you will have to take into account possible breakdowns, the number of nodes and the frequency of maintenance. In these categories, places may be allocated differently.