Even in a well-heated apartment, and even with a cup of hot coffee in hand, just the memory of a winter trip to the station wagon of the “tenth” family makes you want to cower and wrap yourself up warmer.


VAZ 2111, overboard –18 ° С, three drivers steer one by one. And everyone from time to time has to go to the freezer in the back seat: there is such a splitter that teeth clatter. However, ahead is not easier. Here, on the contrary, the real bathhouse is the time to undress to cowards. After all, the heater is turned on at full power - it is necessary to somehow alleviate the fate of the sufferer from behind …

Our readers also know about sudden changes in temperature in the cabin, fogging and freezing of the side windows, icy left and toasted right legs of the driver. Letters with questions about the heating system of the "tenth" family come to the editor almost every day. Sadly, the fact is that the owners of the new VAZ models have become hostages to the self-acting SAUO and SAUKU (factory abbreviation for “automatic heater control system” or “air conditioning system”). Well, let's deal with these SPGs together.


The sanitary rules impose the following requirements on the microclimate of a car: the optimum temperature in the cabin during the winter period is from +20 to + 23 ° C, the air speed is not more than 0.2 m / s. That is ideal. Allowed values ​​are +19 … + 25 ° С and 0.2 m / s, respectively. Moreover, the temperature difference along the height of the cabin should not exceed 3 ° C, and the absolute values ​​should remain within the limits indicated above. All this should happen no later than 30 minutes after the start of movement of a car with a warm engine.

Such a friendly climate, in principle, should be in the cabin of your "top ten." Hard to believe? Wait, we’ll measure it now, but first we’ll spend some more time and find out the opinion of the VAZ employees. Perhaps we all do not understand something because of the simplicity of our souls, turning the handles of heaters? And for sure, here’s an almost verbatim quote from the head of the Design Bureau for Microclimate Research of the Automobile Directorate for Technical Development of AvtoVAZ JSC. “Many owners of VAZ 2110 cars, having bought a more advanced car, do not know how to use the heater correctly. Let me remind you that in winter only two adjustments are used on the VAZ car heater (position of the air distribution lever - approx. Ed.). “Everything on glass” - when defrosting glass after a night's parking. “Everything at the feet” - when the car is moving. The air temperature is regulated by the setpoint. The interior air vents on the instrument panel must be closed. The windows of the front doors are thawed with warm air from nozzles located at the top in the corners of the instrument panel. At temperatures below -15 …- 20 ° С, the side border of visibility decreases, but the view through the side rear-view mirrors should be preserved. As regards the freezing of the glass of the rear doors, it is not regulated anywhere in the world by any standard! ” I do not want to agree with all theses, but, as they say, without comment.


Now we will take as a basis the recommendations of factory workers, the requirements of sanitary rules and forward to measurements in science. The experimental rabbits are the editorial VAZ 2110 3 sedan with mileage of 42 thousand km and the VAZ 2111 station wagon with mileage of 2 thousand km. The air temperature in the street is from 0 to + 1 ° С - nothing can be done, frosts did not wait because of the prolonged thaw. In order not to drown in the description of the experimental conditions, we turn to the figures. About which nozzles are involved and which are closed can be judged by the figure on p. 45. The interior points at which the temperature and air velocity were measured are clearly visible in the figure above. The operating modes of the heater are clearly shown in the caps of the table. 1 and 2.

What happened? Inquisitives can familiarize themselves with the numbers in detail. The rest will explain. The method for distributing flows recommended by a VAZ specialist is indeed the most effective. We strongly recommend it as the lesser of evils. But, unfortunately, he is also far from ideal, like the rest. In both machines, the nozzles on the instrument panel, which are closed by shutters, poison the air with might and main. Its speed at the exit from the "muffled" deflectors is from 0.15 to 0.8 m / s! The “one hundred and third” has a steady tendency to warm the legs of the front passenger more strongly, and the station wagon distributes flows to the lower limbs of the driver and passenger evenly. The windshield blows harder on the VAZ 2110 3. The rear situation is as follows: the VAZ 2110 3 has an unbalanced balance, the VAZ 2111 has a “right” slope.

Now let's go through the modes. "Everything on glass" the station wagon performs without hesitation. Very little heat enters the legs, the temperature difference between the upper and lower points of the cabin reaches 14 ° C. But during defrosting it should be so. But the “one hundred and third” with warped and loosened flaps unexpectedly fits into the standard for temperature differences, warming up the interior more evenly. What is even better - and we will unfreeze the glass and "for free" we will comfort our feet with warmth. Regarding the speed of air flow, the readings are as follows: at higher fan speeds, both cars draft in a number of points, 2-3 times higher than permissible.

In the “All at legs” mode, which is turned on when the car is moving, and the temperature setter is at 22 ° C in front of the cabins, the situation is more or less acceptable. Only the right and left lower limbs are heated unevenly, depending on the characteristics of a particular machine. With the hottest position of the setter, cars more than exceed the norms. Ahead is Africa, but this is the only way to bring warmth to the feet of the rear passengers. That's where the “dozen” have the most significant flaw. Here the temperature is lower than in other places, the air speed is 2-4 times (!) Less than in front, and tends to zero. Moreover, our figures only reflect the trend. On the move in frosty weather, the disadvantage is exacerbated. Moreover, the VAZ 2111 is colder than the sedan. In addition, he has rear side windows with an amazing tendency to freeze. Judge for yourself - the ceiling has 26 degrees of heat, and in the area of ​​the rear windows 20 ° and complete stagnation of air, regardless of fan speed.

By the way, did you pay attention to the control points 7a and 14a? They differ from 7 and 14 in that the measurements were carried out without rubber mats that protect the fleece upholstery from moisture. The caring owner, who has laid a rug with a rubber shoulder under the feet of the rear passengers, completely plugs the consumptive nozzles for supplying warm air located under the front seats. Last resort advice. If passengers freeze, remove the carpets - the back will become a little warmer. But here's a shame - the focus was successful only in the wagon. In the "one hundred and third" increase is almost impossible to catch. Moreover, a general assessment of the microclimate of machines gave birth to another paradox. A tightly knocked down fresh VAZ 2111 still well separates the air flows. But he is much "colder" than the ragged "one-third." The latter, although blowing in the legs of the rear passengers, is weaker, but in some completely magical way it warms up the interior more evenly and warmer. Most importantly, this confirms the operating experience. We emphasize - the advantage is true only in comparison with the wagon. But in general - all the sores with her. It’s hot here, it’s cold there, side windows fog up and freeze, it penetrates through the cracks, it’s warmer at the ceiling than at the floor, etc.


Many owners of the "dozens" of fireplaces VAZ and for another - the unreliability of the latest heating system. I think the factory workers should not be offended - as the self-propelled guns will respond, so will they. Some remodel electronic components to control the heater fan in manual mode - they are annoyed by the increased fan speed when the engine warms up. Others in artisanal conditions produce metal shutters instead of warped plastic ones. Who wants to get a charge of heat from a badly blocked duct in the legs during the hot summer. Another way is to insert a tap into the triple or return hose of the heater. In fairness, we note - the plant began to equip cars with reliable aluminum dampers. And what to do with everything else? One of the most unreliable parts is a recirculation valve. Another present is a resistor in charge of fan speeds. It, and at the same time a rotten wiring connector, has to be changed almost every year. To get to this penny detail, you need to disassemble the half-machine.