WE AND THE CAR
“LAYING” BEAT HURT
The speed bumps that blocked the streets of Russian cities over the past few years, it turns out, have been installed … illegally.
About ten years ago, the first time I visited with fellow journalists abroad of our country, I saw a strange building on the road. “This we call the speed bump, ” they explained to us. - The driver sees him and slows down. It helps a lot near schools, at hospitals … ” “How smart they are, these foreigners!” - we were touched then.
Apparently, after some time, the capital's city governors visited abroad, saw a “speed bump” and also touched. In any case, in the mid-nineties on the streets of Moscow in considerable numbers appeared a terrifying form of obstacles. Rather, across the streets. And in the Western manner they were also called “speed bumps”, although we have not had police since 1917. In fact, what lies on the road has a completely different name - “Corrector road irregularities” (IDN). That is exactly how these things are officially named, according to the order of the Moscow government of 1997. I don’t know what kind of road irregularities they are called to correct, but for many years they have pretty much “corrected” the suspension (crankcase, grille, headlights, etc.) of many cars. Because that which is pleasant to the German or Frenchman, in our conditions instantly turns into a real punishment.
So it happened with the speed bumps. In the West, they say, they are made mainly of cast iron, covered with a thick layer of rubber, so that it can be quickly dismantled. There was no need to limit the speed on this street - they removed the “lying” and dragged it to another place. In our country, they are made of the same material as the road - of asphalt. Once - and forever. (True, according to rumors, when foreign experience was transferred to Russian soil, several prototypes of portable IDNs were brought from Germany to Moscow, but the fate of their general public is unknown.)
In the West, that a “speed bump" has stretched across the road, numerous signs warn in advance, and he himself is without fail covered by a composition glowing in the dark. According to GOST, we must also have reflective signs with a speed limit (40, 20, 10 km / h) and the signs “Rough road” - for 50, 20 and 10 m. The IDN itself must be equipped with special luminous markings, its height cannot exceed 10 cm, width - 3 m. In a word, everything is “like theirs”. With a few exceptions: this GOST has not yet been approved and therefore has no legal force.
In the absence of a norm, each boss in the capital himself has the right to decide where, how, why and at what height he should establish an IDN. So the “bedridden” climbed out of the ground, like mushrooms, both in narrow alleys and on busy streets. Moreover, it turns out that for their installation, it was enough (according to the prevailing practice in Moscow) a written appeal from an initiative group of residents to the prefecture: “They drive, adversaries, in their cars in the yard, they scare the kids … Help, protect!” The local administration, if it’s I agree with this, give an instruction, and after a while IDN is laid across the road. Even coordination with the road services, traffic police and municipal transport departments is not required.
Readers repeatedly came to the editorial office and called with an urgent request: help in the fight against speed bumps! And for advice - where to turn: "Last night I ran into an artificial obstacle that no traffic signs warned about, and damaged the car." As it turned out, those who set the IDN illegally (and among these, among other things, are the “authors” of all speed bumps - recall, GOST is not approved!) May be subjected to administrative punishment in the amount of up to … 10 minimum salaries .
To the delight of Moscow motorists, their voice was still heard: the association of administrative and technical inspections of the Moscow city hall checked 147 installation sites for IDN in the city center. As it turned out, 71 of them did not have any approval documents at all, 68 - were not equipped with warning signs “Uneven road” and “Speed limit”. Markup, of course, was absent everywhere. In addition, the vast majority of “policemen” were made of asphalt or concrete, and not of cast iron with rubber coating, as recommended by the GOST project.
As a result of the audit, the Moscow government decided: to conduct a complete inventory of all the bedridden people and, where their installation would be deemed inappropriate, to eliminate it. And next to the remaining to put the necessary road signs and mark. In addition, the Moscow government appealed to Gosstandart with a request to expedite the adoption of GOST on artificial road irregularities. Now, they say, it even includes several new rules: IDNs must be removable, they can have different heights (for installation on quiet streets and roads with heavy traffic). In a word, there was a hope that the "speed bumps" will finally cease to be enemies of drivers.