ALL THAT GOES
How much does it cost to drink a car with oils, antifreeze, brake fluid?
To work. After gasoline, the best-selling technical fluids are engine oils. We will divide them into groups according to price and quality level.
On the first step are those that are marked with a fraction, for example M5z / 12G1. The price of a four- or five-liter canister does not exceed 100 rubles. Such oil is bought by the owners of old “Muscovites” or “Lada”, whose engines consume grease along with gasoline. By the way, avoid products of unknown origin (without a label or information about the manufacturer).
The next level is mineral oils, which are classified as SF and SG according to the American API classification (for more details see ЗР, 1998, No. 11). Of the domestic ones, the most popular among our motorists are LUKoil Standard, Norsi, Vels-1 and 2, Spectrol, Console Standard Super. The price for 4-5 liters ranges from 100 to 200 rubles. From foreign goods we will name Shell Helix (in white and red canisters), Mobil Special, Total Quartz 3000, Elf Sporti, Ravenol Standart, etc. The cost of standard capacity is slightly higher - 200-350 rubles. Oils of this quality are suitable for engines "Lada", "Volga", "Muscovites" and long-lived foreign cars with an average annual mileage of about 10 thousand km.
If the engines are relatively modern in design (VAZ engines for front-wheel drive models, sixteen-valve engines for the Volga, old-made foreign cars) or a car drives all year round, quite expensive SH and SJ oils can justify themselves. Representatives of this group have a richer additive package, the degree of purification is higher; changing them ahead of schedule prescribed by domestic automobile plants is pointless. From minerals here come the “Fortum Console”, Esso Uniflo, Mobil Super Formula, Castrol GTX3, BP Visco 2000 and others. Price range - 300-600 rubles per canister. If you wind more than 15, 000 kilometers a year, don’t refuse to travel in severe frost - it’s more profitable to pay an extra hundred or two and buy “semi-synthetics”. For example, Spectrol Turbo Universal, LUKoil Lux, Ravenol TSI, Total Quartz 7000, Esso Ultra.
The next step is oils of SJ quality category, known as synthetic to motorists: LUKoil Synthetic, Konsol Ultra, Esso Ultron (5W40), Mobil 1 (5W50), Texaco Synthetic and others. Advantage over mineral water and semi-synthetic "- extended temperature range, which means easy engine starting at low temperatures. “Synthetic” oil cleans the channels better and retains high detergent properties longer. For the sum of advantages, you have to lay out the largest amount in rubles - up to one and a half thousand for four or five liters.
Finally, the most expensive ones are the so-called energy-saving oils, priced from 750 to 1700 rubles. They can be distinguished from ordinary “synthetics” by an additional EU index, for example CJ / EC. On the shelves there are Texaco Energy, Castrol SLX, Mobil 1 (0W40), Esso Ultron (0W30), Ravenol LLO.
To roll. Transmission oils are divided into two groups: GL-4 according to API classification - for front-wheel drive VAZ models, GL-5 - for all other domestic cars (ЗР, 1998, No. 12). There is also a universal oil - GL-4/5. The type of oil for foreign cars is easy to specify in the catalog or in the instruction manual.
We will divide the “transmissions” of the GL-5 type into three subgroups. The first - viscosity according to SAE 85W90 - mineral, at a price of 20 to 100 rubles per liter. Of the cheap ones, domestic Norsi, Rexol TM-5-18, and LUKoil TM-5-18. The second is a mineral water, but less dense SAE 80W90, costing 40–150 rubles. The lowest prices for Spectrol Forward, Wells TM, the upper limit is Mobil Mobilube HD, Texaco Geartex EP-C. The third group included “semisynthetics” and “synthetics” (class according to SAE 75W90). Price range - from 180 to 350 rubles per liter. Domestic manufacturers ceded this niche to foreign products: BP Energear SGX, Teboil EP, Motulgear, etc.
Our GL-4 oil is pretty hard to find. Imported “mineral water” will cost about 150–180 rubles per liter, 30–40 rubles more expensive than “semi-synthetics”, and for the same amount of synthetic oil the buyer will pay 250–400 rubles.
If the car is not used in winter or in difficult conditions, then domestic oil is quite suitable for the transmission. If you want to drive all year round, carry a heavy trailer or practice sports driving techniques, you should think about high-quality imported oils.
To steer. Power steering fluids (they are also poured into automatic transmissions) differ in color and are incompatible with each other. Red oil (ATF standard) is seasoned with the systems of most foreign cars, as well as the new Volga and Sable. Within this standard are several categories that determine the quality of a fluid. The first, lowest level, ATF type "A" suffix "A" - only mineral oils. The second - Dexron II D and Dexron II E - both mineral and synthetic. The third - Dexron III and Dexron III Plus - as a rule, "synthetics". Use fluids recommended by the manufacturer - the list is listed in the car manual. In extreme cases, add oil of a higher category. The manufacturers of these products, as a rule, are the same companies that manufacture and pour motor and transmission oils. The cost of a liter of “mineral water” ranges from 80 to 150 rubles, the price of “synthetics” is 180–250 rubles.
Another standard is LHM, a green and colorless liquid that is not interchangeable with each other. The prices for these products and the list of manufacturers are the same as for ATF.
To cool. The undisputed leader in sales is the low-cost domestic antifreeze “Tosol A40M”. There are a myriad of manufacturers, it makes no sense to list them, especially since the prices are almost the same. A liter will cost an average of 20 rubles, a five-liter canister will pull 65 rubles, and 120 rubles will be asked for a capacity twice as large.
Imported coolants are sold ready to use or in the form of concentrates. The latter is best diluted with distilled water in the proportion indicated on the label (usually 1: 1). The cheapest antifreezes are interchangeable with each other blue and yellow-green (sellers and buyers recognize them even by Volkswagen G11 approval). The cost of one liter of concentrate ranges from 100-140 rubles. Red antifreeze (G12 approval) contains more additives for a longer service life. It can not be mixed with coolants from the previous group. For a liter they ask about 120-150 rubles. The third group includes less popular propylene glycol-based antifreezes - the color scheme is the most diverse. They are not compatible with the two previous types of coolants. The cost of a liter bottle is 100-150 rubles.
You can mix antifreezes from different manufacturers, but only within the same group. For example, you cannot add blue concentrate to red and vice versa.
To slow down. There are two types of domestic brake fluids. BSK is used on cars with drum brakes on all wheels (old "Volga", "UAZ", etc.). On other Russian models and foreign cars, liquid of the DOT-3 or DOT-4 type is filled in the systems. These are domestic “Rosa” and “Tom” or foreign analogues of Motul DOT-4, Castrol DOT-4, STP DOT-3 and others interchangeable with it. Domestic price 15–25 rubles, foreign - 100–150 rubles per half liter capacity.