Anonim

ACTUAL

CRIMINAL “LUBRICANT”

Authorities

unable to fight effectively

with a developed industry of clandestine engine oil production.

Dmitry SCHEGLOV

Independent experts say: in the Rostov automobile market, every second oil canister is fake. And Rostov-on-Don with a slight error reflects the situation in the country as a whole. The prosperity of fraudsters in the near-automobile industry, where revenues are comparable to the drug business, is an obvious fact. The criminals are not losing ground, in many respects, by the way, thanks to you and me. Every Rostov driver and, especially, “organs” know about the work of the shadow “oil” industry. However, crooks continue to trade, and their goods are bought with might and main.

Recently, employees of the Economic Crimes Department of the Rostov Region announced the arrest of a gang. Three family members and hired workers poured oil and antifreeze onto cans. Naturally, there was no talk of any conformity of these products to the standards. Nevertheless, the ordinary driver is unlikely to be able to distinguish “for taste and color”. Labels are like real ones - with the address of the real manufacturer, all the necessary data and with the Rosstandart badge. How many young men made during their career, investigators do not report, but during the arrest, attackers discovered KamAZ filled with a surrogate.

You might think that the situation is easily fixable - he took and arrested. You should not rely on this. Such operations fail infrequently. The fact is that in order to initiate a criminal case, the police must present evidence to the prosecutor's office that the turnover of the shadow business was at least 42 thousand rubles. Fraudsters know this well and sell small parties under the nose of law enforcement agencies. Attempts to bring such to justice end with nothing. Presumably, in the described case, a “source of information” acted, which helped to catch attackers red-handed. But after all, wholesale markets supplying entire regions with counterfeit goods usually also have their own “sources of information”. Only raids carried out in complete secrecy are effective, but there is not enough strength to complete them every day.

The brands under which counterfeit oil is sold are diverse. The most common are inexpensive domestic ones. In second place are the most “untwisted” and most popular foreign buyers oils. Markets are filled not only with local spill products, but also with overseas products - from Poland and other countries of Eastern Europe and the CIS.

Whatever the packaging, its contents are almost always the same - waste or industrial oils (for machine tools and hydraulics). Naturally, their use in passenger car engines is completely unacceptable.

Another addiction of “bootleggers” is antifreeze. Even prepared from the necessary components in artisanal conditions, it is sometimes unsuitable. For antifreeze, the exact proportion of the components is extremely important. Handicraftsmen have no need to do such subtleties. If the surrogate in the engine freezes (it happens!), Then the result is a replacement of the cylinder block. In the “best” case, gaskets and parts made of non-ferrous metals in the cooling system will suffer - for example, a radiator will leak out.

"Tsekhoviki" significantly hit the afford not only motorists. The budget is losing revenue in the form of taxes, the turnover of "shadow" money is increasing. Dealers, in theory, also lose profits: confidence in the brand falls. Here, it would seem, the allies of drivers in the struggle for high-quality oil! Alas, the state takes a too soft position on this issue. The regulatory authorities do not have enough authority, and besides, they are not sufficiently protected to act effectively. There is no real technical and legislative basis for inspections of factories, intermediaries, sellers. Gosstandart inspectors complain that they are frankly "sent" with the intervention "where it is not necessary." But even if such a seller is caught by the hand, there will immediately be documents on the purchase of goods in a certain company, of course, fake. In the worst case, an unscrupulous seller will be “punished” with a fine that will pay off in a few days of trading.

Well, what about dealers? They are surprisingly indifferent to all this. Moreover, some of them cannot resist the temptation to get superprofits from the trade in fake oils and are actively involved in this process. A well-known company that has a prestigious store in the city center with air-conditioned goods and … an underground workshop with distribution channels in the wholesale market. The “Fake Oiler” (it seems time to introduce such a term in the Russian language) tempts dealers by offering cooperation in marketing products. Moreover, the quality of home-made cans often almost does not differ from the branded one.

Voluntarily or involuntarily, Russian factories sometimes also contribute to shadow businesses. Their lack of a dealer network and the sale of products through numerous wholesalers make monitoring extremely difficult. The lack of a single standard for canisters also affects. Often, the manufacturer is surrounded by a mafia ring. Around one of the well-known factories in the Rostov Region, almost the whole city is engaged in the manufacture of oil counterfeits using decommissioned obsolete equipment, and a factory wholesale network is used for sale. They say that when the plant was idle for three months, oil supplies from the city did not decrease …

The main tool of crooks of all time was the knowledge of human psychology. Savvy car enthusiasts, accustomed to not looking for simple ways, to their joy manage to find "the same branded oil" two times cheaper than the "firm". Criminals make good use of this.

Objectively, the price of oil of known quality cannot deviate from the average market by more than 15–20%. And Russian-made high-class oils are not much cheaper than imported counterparts: the bulk of their value “sits” in imported additives that are not made in Russia. So the first commandment is not to be seduced by cheapness. But that is not all.

Now the technique of faking cans and bottles has reached unprecedented heights: with huge volumes of sales, counterfeiters are profitable to spend money on making high-quality containers. Therefore, even if you did not buy a frank fake with spelling errors on the label and at a ridiculous price, the likelihood of being cheated remains. And do not flatter yourself that the address and other data of the manufacturer are indicated - this is a necessary, but not sufficient condition. From here follows the second step in "self-defense" - to buy from trustworthy sellers in a stationary store with a cash register. Although this can not be considered a panacea. Sometimes respectable entrepreneurs acquire low-quality oils not out of malice. That is why today the most reputable sellers do not skimp on the analysis of oil purchased from official suppliers to check its compliance with the standard. It happens that a poor-quality product is returned to the manufacturer in whole batches. But this approach, unfortunately, is rare.