IN THE WORLD OF MOTORS
Heading materials prepared by Mikhail GZOVSKY
Citroen Xsara DYNACTIVE
Since the beginning of the 90s, Citroen has been making more and more attempts to create a “car of the future” - environmentally friendly and inexpensive to manufacture. We will call here quite successful experimental electric vehicles “Saxo” and “Berlingo”, which overcome even a little - only 80 km on one charge, but are completely harmless to nature. The French also have hybrid models - the same Saxo and Berlingo (Dinavolt), whose capabilities made it possible to leave "from the outlet" already at a distance of up to 260 km. At the same time, the level of carbohydrates in the exhaust was reduced, depending on the operating mode of the engines and driving conditions, by 25-100%. One of the last "hybrids" - "Ksara Dinalto" - overcomes on one charge up to 730 km. And perhaps the most important thing: such models have been running along the roads of Europe for several years, not only for the sake of experiment, but are at the service of various firms and organizations as "workhorses" and their large-scale production is only a matter of time.
This year, Citroen presented its new creation - the “hybrid” “Ksara Dinaktiv”, demonstrating the achievements of the company in just a dozen years. Compared to the regular gasoline version, “Ksara Dinaktiv” consumes 35% less fuel and one-third environmentally friendly, it requires charging and refueling only after 1000 km. At the same time, the speed capabilities of the “hybrid” are no worse than a traditional car.
The secret here lies in combining the hybrid drive with the Autoactive automatic transmission. The information processed by the electronics of the box not only affects the choice of gear, but also decides when, to what extent and how to use the electric motor located between the gearbox and the gasoline engine. The electric motor adds power to the petrol "brother" and automatically switches to the generator mode when braking, recharging the batteries (they are located under the floor in the rear of the body). And the driver can monitor all the upheavals occurring with the power plant, for example, the distribution of traction between the wheels, the power given out by the engines, or the condition of the batteries, on the multifunction display located on the center console. According to Citroen’s residents, the layout scheme used in Ksar Dinaktiv opens up new opportunities for the development of cars with hybrid power plants.