WE AND THE CAR
To the rustle of the protocols
FINE BY PLAN
Sometimes drivers are faced with the strange pickiness and integrity of the inspector:
for the slightest violation, he offers to pay the fine without fail by receipt or protocol. The casket opens simply: the plan is being implemented.
- Listen, Solovyov, what are you doing in the service? You have not a single En Es for a whole month (in the official jargon of En Es - a driver detained in a state of intoxication), and the rest of the indicators are lousy. Go to work!
Such a "stick" from the management often get the traffic police. As a man in uniform, the inspector must obey all orders of his superiors. This is exactly what he does: he stops the cars for any, even the most insignificant, violations that he usually does not pay attention to, and fills in penal receipts and protocols. Fortunately, there are plenty of “minor” violations: an unfastened seat belt, driving in the dark without dipped headlights, rearrangement without a turn signal, the absence of a first aid kit, fire extinguisher or warning triangle, etc. A pile of papers is a "report on the work done" - catching up from the authorities will no longer follow. The next month, the inspector already picks up the required number of violators in advance. Drunk drivers are harder. It's like fishing: lucky - no luck …
SELLING PENALTY TICKETS
A driver who falls under the “sale of coupons” (another working term) does not feel the best way. On the one hand, it’s a pity for money: for some nonsense, blood money is taken. On the other hand, it’s humanly insulting that you are fulfilling a certain standard. Traffic police officers, sympathizing with the driver in their hearts, take a fine not in the upper bar, but in the middle: if the Code provides for a punishment of warning up to half the minimum wage, then they charge 20 rubles from the guilty person, sometimes they forget about performing their duties. For example, a similar thing happened in the Suzdal and Vyaznikovsky districts of the Vladimir region. Traffic police officers, detaining drivers who exceeded the speed, issued a total of 17 rubles receipts. All went under one comb - those who exceeded 15 and 50 km / h paid the same. It’s good that truth-seekers were found among the drivers: they “signaled” to the traffic control department. They checked the information and punished the guilty.
Not so long ago, a major who stopped me for some nonsense, tired of bickering, honestly said: "Sorry guy, we are fulfilling the plan." It is possible that he made a confession in the secret hope of somehow changing the situation. Only employees working "on the ground" are capable of such frankness. Unit commanders always die: "I don’t know about plans - all this is speculation and slander." And the head of the propaganda department of the traffic police of Moscow G. Plotnikova at a press conference confidently stated: "There are no plans - the time of communism has long passed."
How so? Some say one thing, others the exact opposite. The head of the traffic police V. Fedorov has repeatedly argued that plans in nature do not exist and the work of units is evaluated solely by accident rate on the assigned territory. Who to believe? The most curious thing is that neither ordinary employees, nor their biggest boss, are heartbreaking. There are plans at the company and battalion level, and police lieutenant general V. Fedorov estimates the work of the traffic police of the territories and regions, of course, not by the number of violators caught - that means there are no plans.
It is easy to take accident statistics in the region, compare with indicators of the same period last year and issue a verdict. The number of accidents increased - they work poorly, decreased - well done! The approach is reasonable. Traffic safety is the main goal of the traffic police. And it is up to the inspectors to set warning or prohibition signs in dangerous areas on time, attract the attention of road services, and patrol where necessary. In the end, and violators to catch, too. The result will be a reduction in accidents.
Now let's try to put ourselves in the place of company commander or battalion. Today, his subordinate stands somewhere at the crossroads, tomorrow escorts the convoy, the next day is involved in the next operation. If an accident occurs in his area at this time, is he to blame?
So we came to the answer to the question, why do the traffic police plan for catching violators: there is no criterion for evaluating the work of a traffic police officer. The effectiveness of a large unit by some objective indicators can be assessed, and the quality of service of an individual employee - alas. The middle-level fathers and commanders have only one way out - to control subordinates for the penalties imposed.
This is not to say that this approach improves the road situation. For example, the inspector, performing his main task - to ensure unhindered passage of vehicles, all day regulated traffic at a non-working traffic light. Necessary and hard work. And according to the papers, it turns out that he was just messing around! Next time he will have a great temptation to stand somewhere in the shade and calmly catch the intruders.
A plan is numbers, and the unit commander sets them directly. Naturally, not on paper or by official order - they seem to be in the air. But each inspector will say: the standard standard is three protocols and 10 penal receipts or seven protocols per day. Pedestrians-violators go as a separate column, but punishing them is troublesome - drivers are much more accommodating. Therefore, inspectors go to a small trick: fined the driver for 40 rubles., Write out two receipts of twenty. Later, these numbers appear for pedestrians. Knowing this standard method, it is very interesting to study the statistics of administrative violations.
It is good if a sane person falls into the heads for whom a plan is only a way to control the work of employees. Or a tyrant might come, one would say: "Before, you worked poorly, but with me you will catch twice as much." Orders, as you know, are not discussed, but carried out. Therefore, all his instructions will be executed - under the rustle of protocols and penal receipts.
PREVENTION INSTEAD OF PUNISHMENT
It is difficult to develop a methodology for evaluating performance. But there is foreign experience. Take Sweden as an example. If accident rate rises in a certain area, the unit commander immediately increases the number of police officers there. This is not about punishment: a lot of accidents - it means that it is necessary to help both the police and the drivers. One of the main indicators of service in Sweden is the number of contacts with drivers. The policeman must constantly communicate: provide assistance, conduct a preventive conversation, indicate the way. And then wish you a happy journey. He writes all the contacts in the service book and regularly presents it to his superiors. God forbid, he will introduce fake data into it - from time to time they conduct random checks and deceivers are mercilessly driven from service. Maybe we should direct our main efforts not at identifying violators, but at preventing traffic safety? And already proceeding from this, to develop a new methodology for assessing the traffic police officer.