Anonim

CLUB OF CAR FANS

Seasonal motives

WHAT YOU CAN, REVIVE!

Autumn, and after it winter … Harsh time for our motorist, especially for someone who is preparing for the first time for winter.

Edward CONOP

If you have firmly decided to ride winter all the way, let me remind you: the most unfavorable time for our brother is late, dark autumn, and even with prolonged rains. The shortest days are in the twentieth of December. But in November and January they are not much longer. Nevertheless, driving in January is easier: on snowy roads in the headlights, visibility is not bad. In November - a real gloom!

First and foremost, the car should not suddenly get in the way. The culprit, most likely, will not be the engine, as many think. So you went summer - the car did not fail. But … that’s why you didn’t look under it. And there a long time ago there was a crack on the lever, it grew day by day to punish you right now: the wheel on your side, the “Zhiguli” as if anchored, and a few miles to the lights of a distant village …

I do not advise starting autumn routes with the risk of such breakdowns. Find a flyover, a hole, cut it out for at least an hour - and meticulously check the main details of the suspension. Especially leverage, ball joints. Their failure is the end of the trip.

Even if you, a thrifty one, find a coil of soft steel wire in the trunk ("experienced" like to talk about its versatility), linking it to the fragments of the lever, and especially the supports, is easy only in words. Such adventures, contrary to traditional Russian slogans, do not so much temper the character as they discourage the desire to drive.

Or you go down the highway at night, everything is in order, but … the lights suddenly go out. If you noticed for a long time that something is malfunctioning in the circuit breaker, but did not rush to deal with it - blame yourself! This “gift” is especially “good” in the night rain and taking into account the fact that crazy people drive on the roads today (you won’t call them otherwise!) With headlights blackened in accordance with the idiotic fashion! One cannot understand this with the mind - a normal person strives to make the light in front of him brighter, and not vice versa.

If the car has become, you may need a carrying lamp. Without it at night, as without eyes. Today, when this item has practically disappeared from the mount-tool kit offered by some car factories, you need to buy it. And in addition - and completely autonomous, powered by batteries, a flashlight. It will come in handy more than once. For example, so as not to fall into the mud when you go to the same village.

Okay, sorted out the light. But what is the use of good headlights if, for example, the "wipers" do not work! Or the brushes just spread the dirt over old, scratched or cracked glass. Here in time to notice the "gray pedestrian" on the way - a lot of luck. Ask the one who knocked down the person.

“Wipers” in bad weather (especially at night) are no less important than reliable brakes. The attempt to “drive a little” blindly for many ended in tragedy! As for the old glass, replace it as soon as possible - you will not regret the purchase: the ride will become easier and more pleasant, at the same time you will save. It is unlikely that glass will become cheaper in six months.

Particular attention is given to brushes. Unfortunately, one rarely wants to say something good about domestic ones. It is better to buy from any serious western company. For example, I used a lot of Bosch brushes and I can notice that their price did not seem too high. And not on the first trip (this is natural!), But a year later …

At the same time, it is worth spending money on a flask of liquid - "non-freezing". And if it’s already cold in the yard, don’t press it - pour it into the washer reservoir and flush the pipes with jets to remove water. Loafers usually pull until the last, until the frost hits - and then they solve the problem that has long been known in their circles: how to melt ice that has filled plastic tubes, jets, etc. In addition, it happens that ice destroys both the tank and the pump - you didn’t forget that water, having frozen, increases its volume by ten percent!

However, since we remembered the water, we will give it its due: it fights with loafers much more successfully, freezing in the radiator or engine cooling jacket. A crack in the cylinder block is a death sentence for him. Although in some cases the "craftsmen" in this situation managed to get the motor to work, the real problem is solved only by replacing the unit with a new one. It’s better not to bring this to the right time, put the antifreeze or “Tosol” put into the cooling system in time.

And one more fluid circulating in the arteries of the engine. Butter! It should be pumped through the channels of the lubrication system even in severe frost (for example, for VAZ cars, the calculated cold start temperature is minus 25 ° C). If the oil hardens to a loss of fluidity, the main trouble is not even the difficulties of starting up, but the sharply accelerated wear of parts rubbing “dry”, since the lubricant has not reached them. Sometimes a single start attempt is enough to severely damage the engine.

For myself, I have long concluded: to pour a suitable oil into the engine in a timely manner, even expensive, is cheaper than an accidentally overhauled "overhaul". By the way, this also applies to the transmission. Therefore, when it comes to winter, we will not forget about it.

It seems to be not difficult to buy good oil today. But prices … cause problems. Therefore, for some it is the temptation to engage in illegal business - and there are more than enough "oil" fakes around. And for another - the desire to save by buying cheap oil "around the corner." That is fake. The risk of buying "bullshit" is less in large stores or at branded gas stations, the owners of which value their reputation.

Now look at the tires, man. You see, your “beelki” are already half worn out, and besides, for the conditions of autumn-winter, they are new, and they are not very good. Tighten your "finances", buy something labeled "M + S" (mud-snow) or just winter. Take your time to buy studded ones - will they be needed? Their effectiveness - even on ice, for which they are only intended - the "legend" greatly overestimates. Accident in the "spikes" will confirm this. Do not confuse barely protruding standard spikes with sports "nails"! In contact with hard coating, the spikes wear out faster, while at the same time reducing traction. Especially with wet. As for me, I prefer just winter tires. No spikes.