The year 2013 is far from the most successful for the domestic auto industry. Almost all enterprises, both new and old, worked at their best. The solvency of citizens has fallen. As a result, according to ASM Holding, the production of cars in Russia in the first nine months of 2013 decreased by 3.2% to 1 million 391.4 thousand units. At the same time, the production of domestic models decreased by 14.6% (to 401 thousand), and foreign - grew by 2.4% (to 990.5 thousand).
Foreigners have increased assembly volumes. True, first of all, due to the “screwdriver”, the success of a full industrial assembly is more modest. However, in those cases when plants operate according to such a system, the localization level of most companies is very small: 20–40%. Unless at Renault, the localization of Logan and Sandero exceeded 70%. But here there is one subtlety, which not everyone knows about. In Russia, there are factories of foreign brands for the production of automotive components, which in many cases use the same principle of screwdriver assembly. Nevertheless, such nodes are considered completely made with us.
Thus, the problem of the general underdevelopment of domestic industry remains. There is no modern production of components, but what is produced is more expensive than even in Eastern Europe. That is, you can report as much as you like that a new industry has been created, but it would be more correct to call it an auto assembly. And the main cost is just created in the production of components. This industry is not yet available.
The problem is in high prices for electricity and raw materials, as well as in the peculiarities of the climate of our country: the heating of the workshops also costs a lot. At the same time, Russians want higher salaries than in Hungary.
Few people know, but in the Soviet years, the Volga Automobile Plant paid off 60 times! In addition to earning currency, he contributed to the creation of new industries. For his needs, they learned to make modern plastics and tires, set up the production of special rolled steel and high-octane gasoline, and set up the production of components.
Now most foreign companies collect cars in Russia only for sale on the Russian market, as evidenced by the figures presented by ASM Holding. In 2012, new and used cars, as well as components for assembly and spare parts, were imported to the country for $ 112.5 billion, and this amount is growing every year (an increase over the mentioned year is $ 16.8 billion).